Establishment of Enterprises
Application for registration of a company in Ghana made directly, or through agents or solicitors, to the Registrar-General. A company is duly registered after the company’s regulations have been submitted to the registrar of companies and a certificate of incorporation issued. A specified fee is paid on presentation of the regulations. The information required includes:
- the name of the company with the word “Limited” as the last word in the name
- the nature of the company’s business
- the names of the first directors of the company
- a statement that the liability of the company is limited
- the share capital and its division into shares of no par value
- a statement that the company possesses all the powers of a natural person of full capacity
- limitation on the powers of the Board of Directors in accordance with section 202 of the Companies Code
- any other lawful provisions relating to the constitution and administration of the company.
The requirements for a public company limited by shares are similar to those stated above, except that the public can buy shares.
Commencement of Business
Before commencing business, further information on the company must be provided. This includes the particulars of the company and a declaration of compliance.
The particulars of the company are given on Form No. 3 and signed by the directors and the company secretary. The information provided must include:
- name of company
- authorised business
- particulars of directors (at least two) and a secretary
- name and address of auditors
- addresses of the company’s registered office and principal place of business
- address at which register of members is maintained
- amount of stated capital; number of authorized and issued shares, amount paid (other than cash), and amount due for each class.
The declaration of compliance is made on Form No. 4. This states that the conditions of section 28 of the Companies Code pertaining to a minimum capital issue of 25,000 cedis (C) has been paid and signed by all directors and the secretary of the company. There is a stamp duty of 0.5 per cent of capital issue payable. Upon due completion and presentation of the forms, the registrar issues the company with a certificate of commencement of business.
Limited Liability Companies must file annual returns with the Registrar of Companies showing its audited balance sheet and profit-and-loss statement after 18 months of incorporation.
An external company is a body corporate formed outside Ghana but which has an established place of business in Ghana. This can take the form of a branch, management, share, transfer, registration office, factory, mine or other fixed place of business, but does not include an agency unless the agent is authorized to negotiate and conclude contracts on behalf of the outside company.
Within one month of the establishment of the place of business, the external company should deliver to the registrar of companies the following:
An English language translation of a certified copy of the charter, statutes, regulations, memorandum and articles or other instrument constituting or defining the constitution of the company, and statement of the following in duplicate:
- nature of business or main objects
- name, address and business occupation of the local
- manager authorized to manage the business in Ghana
- number of authorized shares, amount paid and what
- is remaining payable in cash or otherwise
- address of its registered or principal office in the country of its incorporation
- address including post office box number of its principal place of business in Ghana
- name and address in Ghana of a person authorised by the company to accept service of process and other documents on its behalf
- particulars and copies of any charges on the property of the company or if no such charges, then statement to that effect.
On receipt of the documents, they are registered in the Registrar of External Companies and the particulars gazetted.
An external company may invite the Ghanaian public to subscribe to its shares, subject to its complying with requirements of the Companies Code concerning invitations and the prospectus as if it were a Ghanaian company. The registrar, however, has the discretion to waive or modify parts of these requirements.
Annually, or at intervals not exceeding 15 months, the external company must submit for registration, a profit-and-loss account and balance sheet (as in the limited liability return of accounts).
Alterations made in the charter, statutes, regulations, articles or other instruments used in registration should be delivered to the registrar within two months of the effective date of the alteration.
The various forms required for registration of companies are obtainable from the Registrar-General. Prospective investors should obtain competent professional advice on the type of company which may best meet their needs. Such advice is obtainable from:
P.O. Box 118
Tel: (233-302) 662043/664691.
These materials are not intended and should not be used as legal advice or other recommendation. If you need a legal opinion on a specific issue or factual situation, please contact a lawyer. Anyone using these materials should not rely on them as a substitute for legal advice.
Consulting CWIIL Group of Companies, for any / all matters relating to your business startup, ensures advise based on highest level of knowledge which are given to you by a team of select research-oriented experts whom each will do their own assessing of your matter, and also assess it together, thus ensuring that in case a mistake has been made by one, it will be noticed and corrected even before it is being passed on to you. Receiving incorrect and unknowledgeable business advice can be disastrous and thus should be avoided.
Remember, no problem has a quick fix solution. Thus, always ensure to consult highly knowledgeable group of professionals whom would provide you with a collective advice, never individual advice. This group advise and approach is unique with CWIIL Group and is based on the overall Management Philosophy of all CWIIL Group Companies.
CWIIL Group of Companies is a global group of multi-specialized units with diversified interests and activities, wherein each company is a separate legal entity registered under prevailing laws in different parts of the world. CWIIL Group of Companies Products, Services, Project and Solutions are in a multitude of Verticals including, but not limited to, Infrastructure, Power, Oil & Gas, Legal, Media, Technology, ITES, HR, Shipping, Aviation, Real Estate, Hospitals, Health and Medicine, Education, Funding & Investment, Business and Legal Consultancy, and Public Private Partnerships, and other CWIIL Group Units, worldwide, to name a few.
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